What is the Effects of Light on Indoor Plants is just as basic as plant food. Whether natural or artificial, light plays a major role in the development and plant growth. Light is used in photosynthesis to break down the water molecules and also in the chlorophyll synthesis. Although light requirements vary from plant to plant, and on the stage of development; it still remains a basic commodity for all growth processes of the plant.
Effects of Light on Indoor Plants
Indoor plants are at a disadvantage compared to outdoor plants since their access to natural sun’s light may be limited if not hindered altogether. This necessitates the need to have artificial full spectrum lighting for plant growth. Lack of full spectrum light may have the following adverse Effects of Light on Indoor Plants
- Lack of chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is the green coloring matter that enhances synthesis of food plants. Lack of sufficient light for the indoor plants makes them turn yellow, and unable to photosynthesize the plant grows frail and eventually dies off.
- In cases where there is little light, the leaves and stems for the indoor plant grow long and weak and can’t handle the plant firmly. The tips of these leaves turn pale and the plant slowly defoliates due to lack of food, wilts and dies off.
- Some plants prefer shady atmosphere and this should not be misconstrued to think that they have no lighting requirements. Certain types of indoor lilies perform optimally when they receive filtered light. If you want to let have natural light, you can incorporate a form of sunscreen to protect them from the hot direct light from the sun.
- Some flower species need more light hours than darkness for them to bud. So, when the natural light isn’t enough, you can always device artificial lighting to enhance budding in these indoor plants.
Types of artificial light and the Effects of Light on Indoor Plants
Artificial lighting for indoor plants is a special type of light not just the normal type of light that we know. It must be equivalent to natural light in wavelength and intensity. These are the types of indoor plant lighting most used for rearing horticultural products, like flowers, vegetables and certain herbs.
- Fluorescent plant grow lights:
not until recently that this kind of indoor plant lighting has gained popularity. Traditionally, they have been used for starting seedling and nothing more due to their low output, enormous size and weight. The advent of the CFL and T5 full spectrum fluorescent lamps have made them more suited to grow indoor plants. The power lies in using them in large numbers. Fluorescent lights have the advantage that most of the light they emit is consumed by the plants and produce much less heat. Place them just a few feet from the plant, and use different wavelengths for different purposes. Lower ones are used to induce and propagate flowering while the rest used for overall plant growth. The downside of this kind of lighting is that it’s expensive to install and has a relatively shorter life compared to incandescent.
- Incandescent plant lights:
They are the cheapest available in the market, but have poor light quality for plants and are the most inefficient. Theirs is supplemental indoor house plant lights. Newer versions have better color rendering properties and will cater for their worth within a few days of usage. The main drawback of this type of light is inefficiency in terms of energy input-output ratio. Much of the energy that isn’t converted as light wastes away as heat. However, its longevity is astonishing. It can be used for several years without burning out.
- LED Lamps:
They are the newest, most efficient and coolest available grow lamps. The only setback they have is that they give plants a weird appearance distorting their beauty when they are on.
Final word on Effects of Light on Indoor Plants
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